Contaminant database

How to read the table

Purpose

The aim of this table is to have updated knowledge of the contaminants that we find in drinking water – what they are, what we know about them and how capable distillation, carbon filters and membrane filters (RO, NF, UF, MF) are to reduce/remove them from drinking water.

Please let us know if you have documentation that may fill out a blank or correct anything in the below.

Membrane filtration and UV

For membrane filtration, especially of the reverse osmosis (RO) type, there is large variations in quality on the market. Ratings are given for large-scale production systems, and some home systems may not be able to meet the same quality standards.

UV is not capable of physical removal but rather of conversion from a contaminant in a hazardous state (living pathogen microorganism, active virus, hazardous pesticide) to a non-hazardous or significantly less hazardous state (dead microorganism, inactivated virus, harmless biproduct). Thus, the “removal” efficacy for UV is rather the efficacy to convert a percentage of the hazardous contaminant into a non- or less hazardous contaminant through UV irradiation. Note that there will be in every case a contaminant left in the water. Since for home application, usually stand-alone-UV is used, all data is based solely on UV irradiation alone without other techniques (ozonation, nanoparticles). 

Assumptions

Contaminants are assumed to be retained by distillation if their vapor pressure is equal or lower to 53 mPa and at the same time have a boiling point (respectively melting point if there is no boiling point) of 140 °C or higher. These assumptions are based on experimental data from Hanson,2004; Bills,1967 and Hoff,2019, whose retained contaminants have the threshold values mentioned above. Vapor pressure and boiling / melting temperature are the most critical parameters for contaminants, when separated per distillation. 

Colour rating

The removal efficacy (respectively conversion efficacy for UV) is divided in three ranges, adapted from Ruel et al.: 

  • Red (below 30% removal)
  • Yellow (between 30% and 70% removal) 
  • Green (higher than 70% removal)
  • Blank means that we can not find documentation. 

Filter


1-Pentanol

C5H12O

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

1-Propanol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Lenntech (2019)

1,4-Dioxane

C4H8O

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 50 µg/L

USA: N/A

EU:

EWG: 0.35 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

1,2,4-Triazole

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Amorim et. al. (2013)

1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019) EWG

2-Chlorophenol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

2-Methylbenzenamine

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

2-Methylbutane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

2,2-Bipyridine

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

2,6-Dichlorbenzamide (BAM)

C7H5Cl2NO

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

2,6-Dichlorobenzoic acid

C7H4Cl2O2

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

2,4-Dinitrocresol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

2,4-Dinitrotoluene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

4-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

4-Methylbenzenamine

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Acetic acid

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Acetone

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Acetonitrile

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Acrylamide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.5 µg/L

USA:

EU: 0.1 µg/L

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Aldicarb

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 10 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020) EWG

Alkylbenzene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Aluminium

Al

Metal

Limit values:

WHO: 100 - 200 µg/L

USA: N/A

EU: 200 µg/L

EWG: 600 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Red

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Ruel et. al. (2011) Laboratories (1996)

Aniline

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Antimony

Sb

Metal

Limit values:

WHO: 20 µg/L

USA: 6 ppb

EU: 5 µg/L

EWG: 1 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Ruel et. al. (2011) Laboratories (1996)

Arsenic

As

Metal

Limit values:

WHO: 10 µg/L

USA: 10 ppb

EU: 10 μg

EWG: 0.004 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Ruel et. al. (2011) Laboratories (1996)

Azinphos-ethyl

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Barium

Ba

Metal

Limit values:

WHO: 1.3 mg/L

USA: 2 ppm

EU:

EWG: 0.7 ppm

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Ruel et. al. (2011) Laboratories (1996)

Benzene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 10 µg/L

USA: 5 ppb

EU: 1 µg/L

EWG: 0.15 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010) Laboratories (1996)

Benzofluoranthene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Snyder et. al. (2007) EWG

Benzoic acid

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Benzo(a)pyrene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 0.7 µg/L

USA:

EU: 0.01 µg/L

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Benzotriazole

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Benzyl alcohol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Bicarbonate

HCO3

Salt

Limit values:

WHO: 100 mg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Biphenil

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Bis(2-ethylhexyl)Phthalate

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Boron

B

Metal

Limit values:

WHO: 2.4 mg/L

USA:

EU: 1 mg/L

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Ruel et. al. (2011) Laboratories (1996)

Bromate

BrO3

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 10 µg/L

USA: 10 ppb

EU: 10 µg/L

EWG: 0.1 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Butylacetate

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Butyl paraben

Personal care product

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Butylbenzene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019) EWG

Cadmium

Cd

Metal

Limit values:

WHO: 3 µg/L

USA: 5 ppb

EU: 5 µg/L

EWG: 0.04 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Ruel et. al. (2011) Wimalawansa (2013)

Calcium hypochlorite

Disinfection compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Campylobacter

Microorganism or pollutants from microorganism

Limit values:

WHO: 1.05*10^-4 /L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020) Malayeri et. al. (2016)

CGA 108906

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

CGA 62826

C14H19NO4

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Chlorate

Salt

Limit values:

WHO: 700 µg/L

USA: N/A

EU:

EWG: 210 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Chlorfenvinphos

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Chlorite

Salt

Limit values:

WHO: 700 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020) EWG

Chloroethane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Lenntech (2019) EWG

Chloropicrin

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: None

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018) Culligan (2014)

Chlorotoluron

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 30 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

Chlorpyrifos

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 30 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Chromium (IV)

Cr

Metal

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Clopyralid

C6H3Cl2NO2

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Color

Wastewater parameter

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU: Acceptable, no change

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Silva and Sens (2014) Ahn et. al. (2005)

Cyanide

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 500 µg/L

USA: 200 ppb

EU: 50 µg/L

EWG: 150 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Wimalawansa (2013)

Cyclohexane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019) EWG

Cypermethrin (CyPM)

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: None

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Decethyl-atrazine

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Deisopropylatrazine

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Demeton-O

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Desethyl-terbutylazine

C7H12ClN5

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Dibromochloromethane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 100 µg/L

USA: N/A

EU:

EWG: 0.7 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:Yellow

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG Hansen et. al. (2013)

Dibromochloropropane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 1 µg/L

USA: 0.2 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0.0017 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018) Culligan (2014)

Dibromoethane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 0.4 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996) EWG

Dichloroethene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 50 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Dichloroethylene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018) Culligan (2014)

Dichloromethane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 20 µg/L

USA: 5 ppb

EU:

EWG: 4 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Dichlorophenoxy

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Diclorprop (2,4-DP)

C9H5D3Cl2O3

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 100 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Diglyme

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

Dikegulac

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Dimethylamid

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

Dimethylformaldehyde

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Dinitrophenols

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Edetic acid

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 600 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Enterococci

Microorganism or pollutants from microorganism

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU: /100 ml

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020) Malayeri et. al. (2016)

Ethyl acetate

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Ethylene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Ethylene dibromide

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: 0.05 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0.01 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018) Culligan (2014)

Ethylether

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Lenntech (2019) EWG

Flouride

F-

Salt

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Freon

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Furosemide

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Hexane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019) EWG

Hexazinone

C12H20N4O2

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Hydroquinone

Additive

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Hydroxysimazine

C7H12ClN5

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Iothalamic acid

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Isodrin

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019) WaterStillar (2020)

Isooctane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Isopropyl alcohol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Lead

Pb

Metal

Limit values:

WHO: 10 µg/L

USA: 15 ppb

EU: 10 µg/L

EWG: 2 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Red

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Ruel et. al. (2011) Laboratories (1996)

Lorazepam

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Manganese

Mn

Metal

Limit values:

WHO: 0.4 mg/L

USA: N/A

EU: 50 µg/L

EWG: 100 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Huikuri (1998) Laboratories (1996)

m-Cresol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

m-Metalaxyl

C15H21NO4

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Chloromethane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 2.69 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Lenntech (2019) EWG

Methylene chloride

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Methyl isobutyl ketone

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019) EWG

Metoprolol

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

Diketo-Metribuzin

C7H12N4O2

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

m-Nitrophenol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Monochloracetate

Salt

Limit values:

WHO: 20 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Nickel

Ni

Metal

Limit values:

WHO: 20 µg/L

USA:

EU: 20 µg/L

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Ruel et. al. (2011) Laboratories (1996)

Nitrilotriacetic acid

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 200 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA)

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA: N/A

EU:

EWG: 0.003 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

N,N-dimethylsulfamide (DMS)

C2H8N2O2S

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Norfloxacin

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Octylphenol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Snyder et. al. (2007)

Odour

Wastewater parameter

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU: Acceptable, no change

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Silva and Sens (2014)

o-Nitrophenol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

o-Phthalic acid

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Oxazepam

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Ozone

O3

Disinfection compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Parathion

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 10 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019) WaterStillar (2020)

p-Bromophenol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

p-Nitrophenol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Pendimenthalin

C13H19N3O4

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 20 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Pentoxifylline

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

Phenazon

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

Phenol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019) Laboratories (1996) EWG

Phenytoin

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018)

Propionitrile

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Pyridine

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Rotavirus

Microorganism or pollutants from microorganism

Limit values:

WHO: 1,1*10^-5 /L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020) Malayeri et. al. (2016)

Roxithromycin

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Selenium

Se

Metal

Limit values:

WHO: 40 µg/L

USA: 50 ppb

EU: 10 µg/L

EWG: 30 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Ruel et. al. (2011) Laboratories (1996)

Simazine

C7H12ClN5

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 2 µg/L

USA: 4 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0.1 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Ruel et. al. (2011) Laboratories (1996)

Sotalol

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

Styrene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 20 µg/L

USA: 100 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0.5 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018) Laboratories (1996) EWG

Strontium

Sr

Metal

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: N/A

EU:

EWG: 1.5 ppm

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

systems (2020) WaterStillar (2020)

Sulfadiazine

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

t-OP

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Taste

Wastewater parameter

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU: Acceptable, no change

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Silva and Sens (2014)

Terbutaline

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

Tetrachloroethane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018) EWG

Tetrachloroethene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 40 µg/L

USA: 5 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0.06 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018) Laboratories (1996)

Tetrahydrofuran (THF)

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Trihalomethanes (THMs)

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 1 mg/L

USA: 80 ppb

EU: 100 µg/L

EWG: 0.15 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Dvorak and Skipton (2014) EWG

Tin

Sn

Metal

Limit values:

WHO: None

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Ruel et. al. (2011) WaterStillar (2020)

Total Phosphate (TP)

Wastewater parameter

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Toxaphene

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: None

USA: 3 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0.03 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018) EWG

Tribromoacetic acid

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: N/A

EU:

EWG: 0.04 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018) EWG

Tributylphosphate

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Ruel et. al. (2011)

Trichlorophenol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 200 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Red

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Ruel et. al. (2011)

Trichlorobenzene

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 20 µg/L

USA: 70 ppb

EU:

EWG: 5 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Dvorak and Skipton (2014) EWG

Trichloroethane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 2 mg/L

USA: 5 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0,3 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018) EWG

Trichloropropane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: N/A

EU:

EWG: 0.0007 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018) Culligan (2014)

Triclocarban

Personal care product

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Triglyme

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

Tritium

Metal

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: N/A

EU: 100 Bq/L

EWG: 400 pCI/L

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Uranium

U

Metal

Limit values:

WHO: 30 µg/L

USA: 30 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0.43 pCI/L

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Hanson et. al. (2004) Huikuri (1998)

Urea

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Red

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019) WaterStillar (2020)

UV-254

Wastewater parameter

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Vinyl acetate

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Vinyl chloride

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 0.3 µg/L

USA: 2 ppb

EU: 0.5 µg/L

EWG: 0.05 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Lenntech (2019) EWG

Viruses

Microorganism or pollutants from microorganism

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Nasciemento (2018) Malayeri et. al. (2016)

Xylene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 500 µg/L

USA: 10 ppm

EU:

EWG: 1.8 ppm

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018) Laboratories (1996) EWG

Xylenol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Zinc

Zn

Metal

Limit values:

WHO: None

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Ruel et. al. (2011) Laboratories (1996)

Trifluralin

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 20 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Pyraclostrobin

C19H18ClN3O4

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Hoff et. al. (2019)

Epoxiconazole

C17H13ClFN3O

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Aldrin

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.03 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Hanson et. al. (2004) EWG

2,4,6-Trichlorophenol

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Hardness

Wastewater parameter

Limit values:

WHO: None

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Hanson et. al. (2004)

Phosphorus

Salt

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Dimethylphthalate

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996) EWG

Phenathrene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996) EWG

Pyrene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG Santiago-Morales et. al. (2013)

Bromobenzene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Bromochloromethane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996) EWG

n-Propylbenzene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996) EWG

Acetachlor

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Ametryn

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Butylate

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Ethalfluralin

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Propachlor

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Prometon

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996) EWG

Triallate

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Picloram

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: 500 ppb

EU:

EWG: 166 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996) EWG

Chloroneb

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Chlorobenzilate

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: None

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Chlorothalonil

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: None

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Treflan

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Nonylphenol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Snyder et. al. (2007)

Aldicarb sulfoxide

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 10 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Aldicarb sultane

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 10 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020) EWG

Bromochloroacetic acid

Disinfection compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.02 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Bromodichloroacetic acid

Disinfection compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.04 µg/L

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Butadiene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.0103 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Chlorodibromoacetic acid 

Disinfection compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.02 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate (DEHA)

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 80 µg/L

USA: 400 ppb

EU:

EWG: 200 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Dibromoacetic acid (DBA)

Disinfection compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.04 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Dichloroacetic acid (DCA)

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.2 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Diquat

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 30 µg/L

USA: 20 ppb

EU:

EWG: 6 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Endothall

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: 100 ppb

EU:

EWG: 94 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Hydroxyatrazine

C8H14ClN5

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 200 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Monobromoacetic acid (MBA)

Disinfection compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: 60 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0.1 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Monochloracetic acid (MCA)

Disinfection compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: 60 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0.1 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Oxamyl

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: None

USA: 200 ppb

EU:

EWG: 26 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Perchlorate

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 70 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG: 1 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020) EWG

Perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS)

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.001 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHPA)

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.001 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHXS)

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.001 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA)

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.001 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: 0.5 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0.09 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Radium

Metal

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: 5 pCi/L

EU:

EWG: 0.05 pCi/L

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020) EWG

Strontium-90

Metal

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.35 pCi/L

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020) EWG

Trichloroacetic acid (TCA)

Disinfection compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: 60 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0.1 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Chlorotoluene

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Trifluoroacetate (TFA)

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Red

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Green

UV radiation:

WaterStillar:Red

References:

Brauch (2017)