Contaminant database

How to read this table..?

The aim of this table is to have updated knowledge of the contaminants that we find in drinking water – what they are, what we know about them and how capable distillation, carbon filters and membrane filters (RO, NF, UF, MF) are to reduce/remove them from drinking water.

For membrane filtration, especially of the reverse osmosis (RO) type, there is large variations in quality on the market. Ratings are given for large-scale production systems, and some home systems may not be able to meet the same quality standards.

Our assumptions: Contaminants are assumed to be retained by distillation if their vapor pressure is equal or lower to 53 mPa and at the same time have a boiling point (respectively melting point if there is no boiling point) of 140 °C or higher. These assumptions are based on experimental data from Hanson,2004; Bills,1967 and Hoff,2019, whose retained contaminants have the threshold values mentioned above. Vapor pressure and boiling / melting temperature are the most critical parameters for contaminants, when separated per distillation. 

The removal efficacy is divided in three ranges, adapted from Ruel et al.: Red (below 30% removal) – Yellow (between 30% and 70% removal) Green (higher than 70% removal) and Blank means that we can not find documentation.

Please let us know if you have documentation that may fill out a blank or correct anything in the below.

Filter


1-Pentanol

C5H12O

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

1-Propanol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Lenntech (2019)

1,4-Dioxane

C4H8O

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 50 µg/L

USA: N/A

EU:

EWG: 0.35 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

1,2,4-Triazole

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Amorim et. al. (2013)

1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019) EWG

2-Chlorophenol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

2-Methylbenzenamine

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

2-Methylbutane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

2,2-Bipyridine

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

2,4-Dinitrocresol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

2,4-Dinitrotoluene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

4-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

4-Methylbenzenamine

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Acetic acid

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Acetone

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Acetonitrile

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Acrylamide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.5 µg/L

USA:

EU: 0.1 µg/L

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Aldicarb

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 10 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020) EWG

Alkylbenzene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Aniline

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Arsenic

As

Metal

Limit values:

WHO: 10 µg/L

USA: 10 ppb

EU: 10 μg

EWG: 0.004 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Ruel et. al. (2011) Laboratories (1996)

Azinphos-ethyl

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Benzene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 10 µg/L

USA: 5 ppb

EU: 1 µg/L

EWG: 0.15 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010) Laboratories (1996)

Benzoic acid

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Benzo(a)pyrene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 0.7 µg/L

USA:

EU: 0.01 µg/L

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Benzotriazole

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Benzyl alcohol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Bicarbonate

HCO3

Salt

Limit values:

WHO: 100 mg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Biphenil

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Bromate

BrO3

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 10 µg/L

USA: 10 ppb

EU: 10 µg/L

EWG: 0.1 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Bromodichloromethane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 60 µg/L

USA: N/A

EU:

EWG: 0.4 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Bromoform

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 100 µg/L

USA: N/A

EU:

EWG: 5 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996) EWG

Butylacetate

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Butyl paraben

Personal care product

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Butylbenzene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019) EWG

Cadmium

Cd

Metal

Limit values:

WHO: 3 µg/L

USA: 5 ppb

EU: 5 µg/L

EWG: 0.04 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Ruel et. al. (2011) Wimalawansa (2013)

Calcium hypochlorite

Disinfection compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Campylobacter

Microorganism or pollutants from microorganism

Limit values:

WHO: 1.05*10^-4 /L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Carbamazepine

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

CGA 108906

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

CGA 62826

C14H19NO4

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Chlorate

Salt

Limit values:

WHO: 700 µg/L

USA: N/A

EU:

EWG: 210 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Chlorfenvinphos

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Chlorite

Salt

Limit values:

WHO: 700 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020) EWG

Chloroethane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Lenntech (2019) EWG

Chlorotoluron

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 30 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

Chlorpyrifos

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 30 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Chromium (IV)

Cr

Metal

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Ciprofloxacin

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Clopyralid

C6H3Cl2NO2

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Clostridium perfringens

Microorganism or pollutants from microorganism

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU: /100 ml

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Colony count 22°C

Microorganism or pollutants from microorganism

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU: /100 ml

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Colony count 37°C

Wastewater parameter

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU: 20 /100 ml

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Color

Wastewater parameter

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU: Acceptable, no change

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Silva and Sens (2014)

Cyanide

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 500 µg/L

USA: 200 ppb

EU: 50 µg/L

EWG: 150 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Wimalawansa (2013)

Cyclohexane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019) EWG

Cypermethrin (CyPM)

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: None

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Decethyl-atrazine

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Deisopropylatrazine

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Demeton-O

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Desethyl-terbutylazine

C7H12ClN5

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Dibromochloromethane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 100 µg/L

USA: N/A

EU:

EWG: 0.7 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Dibromoethane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 0.4 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996) EWG

Dichloroethene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 50 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Dichloromethane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 20 µg/L

USA: 5 ppb

EU:

EWG: 4 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Dichlorophenoxy

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Diclorprop (2,4-DP)

C9H5D3Cl2O3

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 100 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Diglyme

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

Dikegulac

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Dimethylamid

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

Dimethylformaldehyde

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Dinitrophenols

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Edetic acid

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 600 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Enterococci

Microorganism or pollutants from microorganism

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU: /100 ml

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Ethyl acetate

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Ethylene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Ethylether

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Lenntech (2019) EWG

Fecal coliform

Microorganism or pollutants from microorganism

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Flouride

F-

Salt

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Freon

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Furosemide

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Hexane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019) EWG

Hexazinone

C12H20N4O2

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Hydroquinone

Additive

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Hydroxysimazine

C7H12ClN5

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Iothalamic acid

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Isooctane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Isopropyl alcohol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Lead

Pb

Metal

Limit values:

WHO: 10 µg/L

USA: 15 ppb

EU: 10 µg/L

EWG: 2 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Ruel et. al. (2011) Laboratories (1996)

Lorazepam

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Manganese

Mn

Metal

Limit values:

WHO: 0.4 mg/L

USA: N/A

EU: 50 µg/L

EWG: 100 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Huikuri (1998) Laboratories (1996)

m-Cresol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

m-Metalaxyl

C15H21NO4

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Chloromethane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 2.69 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Lenntech (2019) EWG

Methylene chloride

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Methyl isobutyl ketone

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019) EWG

Metoprolol

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

Diketo-Metribuzin

C7H12N4O2

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.1 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

m-Nitrophenol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Monochloracetate

Salt

Limit values:

WHO: 20 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Nitrilotriacetic acid

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 200 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Norfloxacin

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Octylphenol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Snyder et. al. (2007)

Odour

Wastewater parameter

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU: Acceptable, no change

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Silva and Sens (2014)

o-Nitrophenol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

o-Phthalic acid

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Oxazepam

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Ozone

O3

Disinfection compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

p-Bromophenol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

p-Nitrophenol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Pendimenthalin

C13H19N3O4

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 20 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Pentoxifylline

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

Phenazon

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

Phenytoin

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018)

Propionitrile

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Ps. Aeruginosa

Microorganism or pollutants from microorganism

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU: /250 ml

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Pyridine

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Rotavirus

Microorganism or pollutants from microorganism

Limit values:

WHO: 1,1*10^-5 /L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Roxithromycin

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Sotalol

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

Styrene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 20 µg/L

USA: 100 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0.5 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018) Laboratories (1996) EWG

Sulfadiazine

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

t-OP

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Taste

Wastewater parameter

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU: Acceptable, no change

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Silva and Sens (2014)

Terbutaline

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

Tetrachloroethane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018) EWG

Tetrahydrofuran (THF)

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Toxaphene

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: None

USA: 3 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0.03 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018) EWG

Tribromoacetic acid

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: N/A

EU:

EWG: 0.04 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018) EWG

Tributylphosphate

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Ruel et. al. (2011)

Trichlorophenol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 200 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Red

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Ruel et. al. (2011)

Trichloroethane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 2 mg/L

USA: 5 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0,3 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018) EWG

Trichloropropane

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: N/A

EU:

EWG: 0.0007 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018) Culligan (2014)

Triclocarban

Personal care product

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Triglyme

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Unknown

References:

Kegel et. al. (2010)

Tritium

Metal

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: N/A

EU: 100 Bq/L

EWG: 400 pCI/L

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Uranium

U

Metal

Limit values:

WHO: 30 µg/L

USA: 30 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0.43 pCI/L

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Hanson et. al. (2004) Huikuri (1998)

Urea

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Red

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019) WaterStillar (2020)

UV-254

Wastewater parameter

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Mailler et. al. (2016)

Vinyl acetate

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Vinyl chloride

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 0.3 µg/L

USA: 2 ppb

EU: 0.5 µg/L

EWG: 0.05 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Lenntech (2019) EWG

Viruses

Microorganism or pollutants from microorganism

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Nasciemento (2018)

Xylene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 500 µg/L

USA: 10 ppm

EU:

EWG: 1.8 ppm

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Brita (2018) Laboratories (1996) EWG

Xylenol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Lenntech (2019)

Trifluralin

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 20 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Pyraclostrobin

C19H18ClN3O4

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Hoff et. al. (2019)

Epoxiconazole

C17H13ClFN3O

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Aldrin

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 0.03 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Hanson et. al. (2004) EWG

Hardness

Wastewater parameter

Limit values:

WHO: None

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Hanson et. al. (2004)

Phosphorus

Salt

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Dimethylphthalate

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996) EWG

Phenathrene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996) EWG

Pyrene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Bromobenzene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

n-Propylbenzene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996) EWG

Acetachlor

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Ametryn

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Butylate

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Ethalfluralin

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Propachlor

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Prometon

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996) EWG

Triallate

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Picloram

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: 500 ppb

EU:

EWG: 166 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996) EWG

Chloroneb

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Chlorobenzilate

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: None

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Chlorothalonil

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: None

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Treflan

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Nonylphenol

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Yellow

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Yellow

References:

Snyder et. al. (2007)

Aldicarb sulfoxide

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 10 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Aldicarb sultane

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 10 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020) EWG

Bromochloroacetic acid

Disinfection compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.02 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Bromodichloroacetic acid

Disinfection compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.04 µg/L

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Butadiene

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.0103 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Chlorodibromoacetic acid 

Disinfection compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.02 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate (DEHA)

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 80 µg/L

USA: 400 ppb

EU:

EWG: 200 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Dibromoacetic acid (DBA)

Disinfection compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.04 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Dichloroacetic acid (DCA)

Pharmaceutical or hormone

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.2 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Diquat

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 30 µg/L

USA: 20 ppb

EU:

EWG: 6 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Endothall

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: 100 ppb

EU:

EWG: 94 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Hydroxyatrazine

C8H14ClN5

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: 200 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020)

Monobromoacetic acid (MBA)

Disinfection compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: 60 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0.1 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Monochloracetic acid (MCA)

Disinfection compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: 60 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0.1 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Oxamyl

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO: None

USA: 200 ppb

EU:

EWG: 26 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Perchlorate

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO: 70 µg/L

USA:

EU:

EWG: 1 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020) EWG

Perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS)

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.001 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHPA)

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.001 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHXS)

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.001 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA)

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.001 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: 0.5 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0.09 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Radium

Metal

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: 5 pCi/L

EU:

EWG: 0.05 pCi/L

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020) EWG

Strontium-90

Metal

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG: 0.35 pCi/L

Ratings:

Distillation:Blue

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

WaterStillar (2020) EWG

Trichloroacetic acid (TCA)

Disinfection compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA: 60 ppb

EU:

EWG: 0.1 ppb

Ratings:

Distillation:Unknown

Carbon filter:Green

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Green

References:

EWG

Chlorotoluene

Pesticide

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Green

Carbon filter:Unknown

Membrane filter:Unknown

WaterStillar:Green

References:

Laboratories (1996)

Trifluoroacetate (TFA)

Industrial compound

Limit values:

WHO:

USA:

EU:

EWG:

Ratings:

Distillation:Red

Carbon filter:Red

Membrane filter:Green

WaterStillar:Red

References:

Brauch (2017)